The Medicines and Health Products Control Service of the Ministry of Health and Consumer Affairs recommends that consumers check that the cosmetic products they wish to buy are correctly labeled in order to guarantee safety and health protection, and to detect and monitor any adverse effects.
According to this service, is considered as cosmetic any substance or any mixture intended to be put in contact with the superficial parts of the body (skin, hair, nails, lips, etc.) or with the teeth and the oral mucosa, with the exclusive task or main purpose of cleaning them, perfuming them, modifying their appearance, protecting them, keeping them in good condition or correcting body odors.
Some of the most common are soaps, gels, shampoos, lotions and lacquers, creams, oils, make-up and make-up removers or sunscreen products. The Medicines and Health Products Control Service recalls that these products are regulated both at European and national level, and to be marketed they must meet a series of requirements.
Among these requirements, it should be noted that the company that manufactures the product in Spain or imports it must present a responsible declaration to the Spanish Agency for Medicines and Health Products (AEMPS) and have a responsible in the European Union, which must appear on the label. .
The products must be notified to the Cosmetic Products Notification Portal (CPNP) of the Spanish Agency for Medicines and Health Products (AEMPS). The name, business name and address of the person responsible must appear on the label; the nominal content of the container, by weight or volume; the expiry date or the PAO symbol (time after opening).
The special precautions for use, the manufacturing batch number, the main function of the product (unless this is clear from the presentation) and the list of ingredients must also appear on the labels of cosmetics, visible and legible. It is possible that cosmetic products are presented for sale without prior packaging.
These would be those which are packaged at the point of sale at the request of the buyer or which are previously packaged for immediate sale. In these cases, they must be provided with labels or leaflets containing information intended for the consumer, which must be affixed to the packaging of cosmetic products or accompany them at the time of delivery.
Health professionals, cosmetics applicators and citizens have an obligation to report any undesirable effects in order to know their nature and frequency, and to be able to take the necessary measures to protect health and prevent them from occurring. reproduces itself. Notification is made via this AEMPS website.
According to the Cosmetovigilancia 2021 report, last year 64 notifications relating to 13 types of products were registered in Spain. Of these reports, 24 were serious and 40 non-serious. The most common symptom was dermatitis. The category with the most notifications (24) was personal care products: to keep the skin in good condition, to bleach the hair or to shave.
The second category with the most notifications (10) was hair care and the third (8) was sunscreen. In the Balearic Islands, in 2021, only one incident was reported, related to toothpaste. The correct labeling guarantees the traceability of the products and facilitates their withdrawal from the market if necessary.